Updated: 4 days ago
Diamonds are the birthstone of April and are the hardest known natural substance on earth, making them one of the world’s most sought-after gemstones. A symbol of clarity and strength, the name comes from the Greek word "adamas", which means “unbreakable”.
They are also symbolic of love. The Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars fallen to earth to endow the wearer with purity, love and joy.
We’ve listed a few facts about our favourite diamonds below.
the Cullinan I or Star Africa diamond is the largest cut diamond in the World and is set in the Royal Scepter (kept with the other Crown Jewels in the Tower of London). It is cut from the 3,106-carat Cullinan, the greatest diamond crystal ever found.
The Cullinan was discovered in Transvaal, South Africa in 1905 on an analysis tour of the Premier Mine. The Cullinan was cut by Joseph Asscher and Company of Amsterdam, who tested the enormous crystal for around six months before determining how to divide it. It eventually yielded nine major and 96 smaller vivid cut
stones. When the Cullinan was first discovered, certain signs suggested that it may have been part of a much bigger crystal. But no discovery of the “missing half” has ever been authenticated.
Koh-i-Noor (Mountain of Light)
An oval shape gem of 105.60 Carats, the Koh-i-Noor diamond is now part of the British Crown Jewels. The name of this diamond means “Mountain of Light”
After the military conflict between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company between 1848 – 1849, the East India Company claimed the diamond as a partial reimbursement and then presented it to Queen Victoria in 1850. This diamond was first worn by the Queen in a brooch. It was later set in the State Crown, worn by Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary, and in 1937 was worn by Queen Elizabeth for her coronation. It is now preserved in the Tower of London, with the other Crown Jewels. Today, the diamond is on public display in the Jewel House at the Tower of London, where it is seen by millions of visitors each year.
The Tiffany Yellow Diamond
The Tiffany Yellow Diamond is the second-largest Canary Yellow diamond in the world and has been owned by Tiffany & Co since 1878. It was originally discovered in South Africa in 1877, and weighed an astounding 287.42 carats in its rough form. Charles Lewis Tiffany secured the diamond for a mere $18,000, far less than its current estimated worth of $30 million. The stone traveled back to Tiffany & Co in Paris and was cut into a radiant, cushion-shaped gem.
In 1961, the Tiffany Diamond was set in a Ribbon Rosette necklace and worn by Audrey Hepburn in publicity photographs for the film Breakfast at Tiffany’s. It was also mounted in a Bird on a Rock setting for designer Jean Schlumberger's 1995 retrospective at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris, and In honor of Tiffany’s 175th anniversary in 2012, the one-of-a-kind gem became reset into the eye-catching necklace, which is the style Lady Gaga wore. It features over 100 carats of white diamonds.
The Taylor-Burton diamond was found in the year 1966 in the Premier Mine in South Africa. The rough iwas 240.80 carat and it was cut into a 69.42 pear cut diamond. As you might guess from the name, Richard Burton bought and named this stone as a gift for Elizabeth Taylor. Yes, Richard Burton bought it for $1,100,000. After Burton’s death in 1979, Liz Taylor sold the stone for charity and reportedly received $2.8 million. She donated all in his memory to a hospital in Biafra. The stone was last seen in Saudi Arabia.
There are a collection of exceptional diamonds that have been discovered over the years - a small selection of which are featured here.... the stuff that dreams are made of!